This photo of Shem Creek is from the early 1950s. Photo provided by Billy And Bubba Simmons of Simmons Seafood.

The Heart, Soul and History of Shem Creek

This story originally appeared in an early Media Services publication. It has been edited for length and clarity. We hope you enjoy this look at Shem Creek’s history.
-The Editors

This photo of Shem Creek is from the early 1950s. Photo provided by Billy And Bubba Simmons of Simmons Seafood.
This photo of Shem Creek is from the early 1950s, according to Billy Simmons of Simmons Seafood. The trawler in the right foreground is docked where Mount Pleasant Seafood is located. The marshy area on the far left is where Red’s Ice House is now located. The building with the Photo provided by Billy And Bubba Simmons of Simmons Seafood

Shem Creek has always been a working creek. It fed the Sewee Indians and ferried the father of our country safely across the harbor. It powered sawmills and rice mills and pumped money into Mount Pleasant’s economy with each net of shrimp the trawlers hauled to the docks. And it worked magic for children, opening arms to generations of little boys and girls who paddled into its currents.

Despite changing tides through the centuries, Shem Creek still provides a livelihood, a playground and a sense of place. It’s the town’s touchstone — a picture-perfect place that will always capture the heart and soul of Mount Pleasant.

Bricks, Buckets, Ferries and Fleets

Shem Creek boardwalk. Photo provided by the Town of Mount Pleasant.

The Indians are thought to have called the creek Shemee, possibly for a small tribe that lived on its banks. Shem Creek, with its head near present-day Bowman Road, was known in the 1700s by the name of the men who owned land alongside it. Back then, it was Sullivan’s Creek, for Capt. Florence O’Sullivan, the patriot for whom Sullivan’s Island is named; Dearsley’s Creek, for George Dearsley, thought to have been one of the first shipbuilders on the creek; and Parris Creek, after Alexander Parris, who also owned land near Beaufort, where the Parris Island Marine Corps facilities are today.

Shipbuilding made Shem Creek a working creek, but that was far from the only enterprise there. Peter Villepontoux ran a lime kiln on the creek in the 1740s to supply the growing number of brickyards in the Lowcountry. Between 1745 and the start of the Civil War in 1861, more than 50 brickyards had operations on the Wando and Cooper rivers.

Shem Creek boardwalk. Photo provided by the Town of Mount Pleasant.

Ferry service made Shem Creek a hub of business as well. In 1770, Englishman Andrew Hibben bought a charter to run a ferry from the south side of Shem Creek to Charleston. Hibben’s Ferry was the first to connect Haddrell’s Point — the name given to the Old Village area, after colonist George Haddrell — with the city of Charleston; other ferries had run from Hobcaw Creek. Hibben charged 33 cents for passengers, 21 cents for horned cattle, 75 cents for two-wheeled carriages and $1.75 for four-wheeled carriages.

In 1795, millwright and inventor Jonathan Lucas built a combination rice mill/sawmill on Shem Creek — the first water-driven rice mill in the area. The man and his work live on in the names of thoroughfares along the creek — Mill Street and Lucas Street, specifically. Lucas’ mill was on the site of an earlier mill called Greenwich Mill, built by landowner Jonathan Scott. In the mid-1800s, John Hamlin’s Mount Pleasant Bucket Factory was on the south side of the creek, in the area of present-day Live Oak Drive and Bennett Street. The factory supplied not only buckets but painted and unpainted pine, cypress, assorted lumber and lathes.

War on the Creek

The Civil War touched Shem Creek, just as it did the rest of the Charleston area. In the early 1860s, workers at Jones Shipyard had built a steamer called The Planter that owner F.M. Jones intended for use by nearby plantations. The vessel was instead put into service as a blockade runner for the Confederacy because of its shallow draft and speed. On May 13, 1862, while the vessel’s white officers were ashore, The Planter’s Black quartermaster, Robert Smalls, and the rest of the Black crew saw their opportunity and seized it. Smalls and his fellow sailors steered the ship out to meet Union vessels at the mouth of the harbor and were later rewarded for their daring feat.

At the time of the war, there was a grist mill on Shem Creek in the area that is now the Shemwood II subdivision. The mill ground rice and corn grown on local plantations. In February 1865, Mount Pleasant’s intendant, Henry Slade Tew, wrote a letter to his daughter telling her of the ill fate that befell the mill:

“I heard that orders had been given to burn the mill and contents … the destruction of the mill itself would deprive the people of a means of having any rice beat or corn ground, and must cause great suffering.”

Tew went to the mill to try to stop the burning, appealing personally to Capt. C.P. Bolton and his cavalry as they approached, bearing torches. He wrote, “He [Bolton] admitted the cruelty of the act … but his orders compelled him to destroy it, and fire was accordingly applied, and the devilish act, I must call it, accomplished.”

Terrapins and Trawlers

More than two decades after the war ended, the modern seafood and boat building industries on Shem Creek were born. In 1890, William Hale was operating an oyster factory on the creek, and in 1895, Capt. Robert Holman Magwood bought the Mount Pleasant Boat Building Co., docking his boats there and operating a turtle crawl. The “Cooter Pen” shipped live diamondback terrapins to the larger cities in the Northeast, where they appeared on menus of the finest hotel restaurants.

By the 1930s, shrimping and boat building were the major industries on the creek. The Darby family bought the Mount Pleasant Boat Building Co. in 1921, and the business thrived, specializing in engine installation, repairs and equipment sales, as well as construction. When the company finally closed in 1990, the boat building business ceased on the creek. While the shrimping industry continues at Shem Creek, it faces pressure from cheap foreign imports and commercial development.

In 2002, the town of Mount Pleasant appointed a special Shem Creek Management Committee to “determine a vision and outline issues of importance to the future of Shem Creek.” After several months spent gathering opinions and information, their conclusion was “that the character of the creek remains as it is — natural, water-dependent, charming — a working creek.”

The Tides of Time on Shem Creek

1680 – Mount Pleasant’s first white settlers arrive from England under the leadership of Capt. Florentia O’Sullivan, who had been granted 2,340 acres, including the current Sullivan’s Island and Mount Pleasant.

1740s – Peter Villepontoux runs a lime kiln on Shem Creek, supplying the Lowcountry’s burgeoning brick business.

1770 – Andrew Hibben’s ferry connects Haddrell’s Point, now referred to as the Old Village, to the city of Charleston. The charge is 33 cents for passengers, 21 cents for cattle and 75 cents for two-wheeled carriages.

1784-1793 – Jonathan Lucas arrives in the new world, possibly after being shipwrecked near Cape Romain at the mouth of the Santee River. He builds water-powered rice mills for planters along the Santee, Waccamaw, Wando, Combahee, Edisto and Ashepoo Rivers and on Winyaw Bay. A mechanical genius, Lucas also erects a windmill on Hog Island, near the mouth of Shem Creek, likely to provide power for a sawmill.

1793-1795 – The Lucas family buys the estate of Jonathan Scott for 500 pounds sterling. Today, the property would be bounded by Shem Creek, McCants Drive, Simmons Street and Myrick Road. Lucas builds an innovative, tidal-powered rice mill and sawmill, with a large holding pond, along the eastern edge of Shem Creek. It is the first mill of its kind in the Charleston area.

1816 – Lucas’ son purchases Haddrell’s Point Plantation and Greenwich Mill on Shem Creek from his father for 2,000 pounds sterling. He obtains a small fleet of sailing vessels to enhance his transportation network.

1835 – The Lucas family buys approximately 180 acres on Shem Creek, between the Lucas Mill and the Ferry Tract. This property is laid out as the town of Lucasville, which later becomes the town of Mount Pleasant.

1862 – The Planter, a steamer intended for use by nearby plantations, is built at Jones Shipyard on Shem Creek. The vessel is instead pressed into service as a blockade runner for the Confederacy. On May 16, while the steamer’s white officers are ashore, Black quartermaster Robert Smalls and an all-Black crew steer the ship out to join up with Union vessels at the mouth of Charleston Harbor.

1865 – Confederate troops burn the Lucas buildings and Greenwich Mill to prevent supplies from falling into the hands of the approaching Union army. All that remains of the once-thriving business are what’s left of the brick and timber foundations of the mill, wooden posts that once reinforced the dikes and a small cemetery.

1890 – William Hale launches the modern seafood industry on Shem Creek, operating an oyster factory.

1895 – Capt. Robert Holman Magwood buys the Mount Pleasant Boat Building Co., docking his boats there and also operating a turtle crawl that produces live diamondback terrapins for restaurants in Northeastern cities.

1930s – Shrimping and boat-building are Shem Creek’s major industries.

1945 – A Shem Creek fixture, Mount Pleasant Seafood, is established by W.D. Toler.

2002 – The Town of Mount Pleasant forms the Shem Creek Management Committee to “determine a vision and outline issues of importance to the future of Shem Creek.”

2009 – A 3.4-acre tract at the headwaters of Shem Creek, near James B. Edwards Elementary School, is donated to the Mount Pleasant Open Space Foundation by the
East Bay Company. The land will be protected from development and will provide an outdoor classroom setting for students.

2011 – Shem Creek Park opens in October 2011. A 2,200-foot-long boardwalk stretches from just beyond the Shem Creek Bridge on Coleman to the mouth of the Charleston Harbor.

2013 – The town of Mount Pleasant approves a parking garage/mixed use building on the corner of Mill Street and Coleman, just a stone’s throw away from Shem Creek.

2016 – The town of Mount Pleasant rules to condemn the OK Tire property on the northern side of Shem Creek. The city opens an additional 1,500-foot-long section of the boardwalk that connects to the original, providing spectacular birding opportunities.

2019 – The pedestrian bridge over Shem Creek is complete. The bridge connects the Coleman Boulevard sidewalk near Tavern & Table to the boardwalk near Mount Pleasant Seafood on the other side of the creek.

2020 – The Mount Pleasant Town Council voted to name the Shem Creek pedestrian bridge in honor of Captain Wayne Magwood and his family. It will be called Magwood Boardwalk.

Capt. Magwood’s boat, the Winds of Fortune.

Remembering Captain Magwood: A Man Who Defined the Shrimping Industry

Capt. Magwood’s boat, the Winds of Fortune.

Like his father before him, Captain Edwin “Wayne” Magwood pursued one of the world’s most precarious and perilous professions. Rising well before dawn throughout the season, he piloted his 68-foot commercial shrimp boat through the heaviest swells and fiercest weather to a “secret place” where the most succulent catch could be brought to the surface in heavy nets. He was no stranger to danger and disaster aboard his vessel, Winds of Fortune.

Melissa Magwood and her father dancing at the Blessing of the Fleet Festival.
Melissa Magwood joined her father for a dance at the Blessing of the Fleet Festival.

Yet he lost his life at age 67 in a most literally pedestrian manner — struck by a passing propane truck while crossing Coleman Boulevard at Mill Street, not far from his beloved Shem Creek. He was on his way to the docks his family built 50 years ago. The driver of the truck told police he hadn’t even realized he’d hit anyone.

In the local shrimping industry’s heyday, Winds of Fortune was one of seventy-odd commercial fishing boats headquartered at Shem Creek, pulling in as much as 10,000 pounds of shrimp in a day. Today, only a handful of boats weigh anchor and brave the turbulent seas, returning with a meager 500-pound average catch.

Senator Campsen giving Capt. Magwood the Order of the Palmetto Award at the 2011 Blessing of the Fleet.
Senator Campsen giving Capt. Magwood the Order of the Palmetto Award at the 2011 Blessing of the Fleet.

Farm-grown and foreign shrimp have cut into the market. Government regulations have become more stringent. Fuel costs have skyrocketed. As a result, most of the Captain’s recent catches had been selling through social media, on his Team Magwood Facebook page. Still, despite such a gloomy and financially bereft picture, Wayne Magwood remained at the helm of Winds of Fortune each day, throughout every nine month shrimp season. Shrimping was in his blood.

The Winds of Fortune sailing under the Ravenel Bridge during the Blessing of the Fleet.
The Winds of Fortune sailing under the Ravenel Bridge during the Blessing of the Fleet.

And, whether teaching prospective skippers about his art and craft on the rolling decks of his ship or instructing curious landlubbers back on dry land, Wayne Magwood made many long-lasting friends.

Tarvin Seafood at Shem Creek posted the Captain’s photo after his passing, adding the message, “Goodnight, sweet friend. We all love and miss you already.”

Nicole Harvey, special events manager for the town of Mount Pleasant commented, “We will forever miss your heart-warming smile, gentlemanly manner and kind and generous spirit. I pray you knew how much you were loved by all who were blessed to know you…you were truly an icon of Mount Pleasant and Shem Creek.”

Even more impressive was the outpouring of messages reflecting sorrow and love from literally hundreds of men and women in the Lowcountry, whose lives were all touched in important ways by the seaman.

Bev Parsley Harris said simply, “My deepest sympathy to his family and friends. God Bless him!” Kenneth Ezell added, “Really gonna miss that guy…Wayne will always be with us.”

Even the light at the iconic Morris Island lighthouse was lit to honor the life of one individual, and the environmental conservation organization Carolina Strands offered this tribute: “May you eternally rest under red skies with the wind at your back. You are now part of the stars guiding those left behind, and for this we are grateful.”

Noting the recent death of Southern author Winston Groom, upon whose novel the Oscar-winning, shrimp-extolling film “Forrest Gump” was based, Grace S. Edwards said, “How ironic. [He] will be in heaven with the man who highlighted shrimpers’ lives.”

Hollywood memorialized the Captain and his vocation in another way as well. Mike Rowe, creator and star of the “Dirty Jobs” series, put in his time as a deckhand on Winds of Fortune for one memorable episode of the show. In his lengthy and touching farewell, Rowe wrote, “Wayne understood what publicity could do, not just for Winds of Fortune, but for the industry he loved. The hospitality he extended us that day was a terrific mix of impatience, tolerance and grace.” He added, “I know that Wayne knew the impact he had on his own industry. He was a shrimping legend. I just hope he knew the impact he had on mine.”

Gin Lock suggested to everyone who knew the Captain that, “We should all get together and share some shots and tears…and just remember the greatest legend of Shem Creek.”

“Some goodbyes are harder than others,” said Elizabeth Baker. “RIP to the man who taught me how to shrimp, told the best stories and gave me the rare opportunity to fulfill the dream of a day in the life of a shrimper.”

“Truly a sad loss of an icon for the fishing community and the entire Lowcountry,” Gary Harwyn remarked. “They should name the bridge after him.”

Admitting that her “heart hurts,” Shirley Larsen McLeod noted, “Wayne Magwood isn’t dead at all…he’s completely happy in the beauty of heaven. What a blessing Wayne was!”

Dick Pierce took many trips aboard Winds of Fortune. He commented that, “Wayne was a passionate, caring person. I will miss him dearly. Great memories. Rest in peace, Captain.”

“What you have done for this community, from teaching everyone who ever asked to shrimp to speaking in Washington, D.C. for turtle conservation to dancing the shag everywhere you could,” Lynda Martin Hodge observed. “The Lowcountry lost a legend.”

Todd Scofield reflected reverently, “I pray that I may shrimp until my dying day, and when it comes to my last drag, I then must humbly pray, when in the Lord’s great shrimping net and peacefully asleep, that in His mercy I be judged big enough to keep.” He added, “You are certainly a keeper, Captain Wayne Magwood. Will miss you, buddy.”

Along with their recollections, reflections and personal memories of Captain Magwood, his many friends interspersed their messages with musical references — from classic sea shanties to popular songs extolling life on the sea — as well as poems with a nautical theme and a tsunami of photos and videos of themselves, experiencing shrimping life under his rough yet gentle guidance.

How could a simple fisherman aboard an aging ship, shrimping diligently in the roughest seas – despite a drastically diminished market – touch the hearts of so many different people from so many different walks of life?

If you ever met Captain Wayne Magwood, you’d likely not have to ask that question.